Although one in three of British people are on a more or less permanent diet, new research from Mintel finds sales of diet and weight control food stagnating.
The company said that sales of weight control foods rose by a conservative 10% to £1.6 billion between 2007 and 2012, but the market came to a standstill in 2012. What is more, said Mintel, the number of consumers looking out for light or diet food and drink products has progressively slipped, albeit at a slow rate. Around one in five (19%) of the British use diet food and drink, the number of users having dropped from 21% in 2008. Just 5% of Brits use diet products, such as appetite controllers and meal replacements.
Today, according to the Mintel research, the top five ways Brits choose to manage weight are:
1. Exercise more (60%)
2. Eat small portions (55%)
3. Cut back on sugary foods and drink (54%)
4. Cut back on fatty foods (53%)
5. Cut back on desserts (46%)
Meanwhile, just three in ten opt for more diet foods to try to lose weight.
Overall, just over half have tried to lose weight in the past year (42% of men versus 63% of women). Almost a fifth try to maintain their current weight. Almost one in five sometimes think about their weight but don’t do anything about it, while one in ten never think about their weight and 3% are trying to put weight on.
“The troubles of the diet and weight control market cannot be attributed to consumers lacking interest in losing weight, in fact, quite the contrary,” said Emma Clifford, senior food analyst at Mintel. “The majority of Britons have tried to lose or manage their weight in the last year, and the number of persistent dieters continues to edge up. The turbulent economic landscape, squeezed disposable incomes and low consumer confidence have stifled growth in the market, as financially straightened Britons turned to cheaper methods of weight management, such as eating smaller portions and cutting back on certain types of food.”
When asked about light and low-fat foods, the overriding perception held by three quarters of the population is that diet products are overpriced. Also presenting a challenge to the market is the widespread scepticism over the health credentials of foods labelled as diet, low fat or low calorie.
Indeed, while seven in ten feel it is difficult to know how healthy these products genuinely are, half of Britons actively distrust them, driven by concerns which linger over the ingredients or sweeteners they contain.
Competition from products which are naturally lower in calories is a major issue for the market, and almost half of adults prefer these products over reduced calorie alternatives. The top health claims consumers look for are low fat (52%), part of my five a day (49%), unprocessed 43%, low sugar 43% and low calorie (40%). Almost one in ten (8%) admit they do not buy healthy food.
“Despite rising levels of obesity and the large swathes of the population who are trying to lose weight, the diet and weight control food market is stagnating,” continued Clifford. “Although the overriding perception that ‘light’ products are overpriced is undoubtedly limiting their appeal, consumers’ scepticism over their healthiness is also a major barrier. In order to win consumers’ trust and compete with naturally low-calorie foods it is vital that manufacturers offer consumers greater transparency in terms of their ingredients and what constitutes them being ‘diet.’”
Within the market, biscuits (which include cereal bars) account for the largest share of the identified diet and weight control food sales, accounting for 31p in every £1 spent on these, and this segment is expected to grow by an impressive 9% in 2012. The diet and weight control yogurt sector has seen sales slip in 2012 to an estimated £334 million related to ramped-up competition from more indulgent yogurts and functional yogurts. The most notable declines are estimated to be witnessed in the chilled and frozen ready meals segments, which are forecast to decline by 17% and 14% year on year respectively.
Overall, the diet and weight control foods market is made up of biscuits (31%), yogurt (21%), yellow fats (13%), breakfast cereal (7%), salad dressings (6%) bread (6%) chilled ready meals (6%), frozen ready meals (4%) artificial sweeteners (4%) and ice cream (2%).
Looking at dieting schemes used by the British, the top three schemes are:
1. Keeping a food diary (13%)
2. Using diet apps (10%)
3. Joining diet clubs or programmes (7%)
“It is likely that more diet apps will continue to flood onto the market, and the popularity of these will grow,” concluded Clifford. “Consumers are becoming more data-driven and consumers are increasingly turning to technology to build ‘personal dashboards’. These can lend consumers a sense of control over the many facets of their busy lives, with the ultimate aim of self-betterment.”