EFSA: Allura Red safe at current levels

17 Feb 2015

Following the adoption by the EFSA Panel on Food Additives and Nutrient Sources added to Food (ANS) in 2009 of a scientific opinion on the re-evaluation of Allura Red AC (E 129) used as a food additive, in which the Panel concluded that, at the high level, under both scenarios, that is using either the maximum […]

EFSA: Allura Red safe at current levels

http://www.dreamstime.com/stock-photo-detail-red-color-holi-image23759780Following the adoption by the EFSA Panel on Food Additives and Nutrient Sources added to Food (ANS) in 2009 of a scientific opinion on the re-evaluation of Allura Red AC (E 129) used as a food additive, in which the Panel concluded that, at the high level, under both scenarios, that is using either the maximum permitted levels (MPLs) or the reported use levels provided by industry, intake estimates for 1- to 10-year old children can be above the Acceptable Daily Intake (ADI) of 7 mg/kg body weight (bw) per day, EFSA carried out a refined exposure assessment for this colour, taking into account additional information on its use and usage levels in foods.

Allura Red AC (E 129) is an azo dye authorised as a food additive in the European Union (EU). This food colour has been previously evaluated by the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA) in 1980 and 1981 and the Scientific Committee for Food (SCF) in 1984 and 1989.

In 2009, the ANS Panel re-evaluated Allura Red AC (E 129) as a food additive. The safety in use of Allura Red AC (E 129) was assessed on the basis of uses and use levels authorised in the legislation and of reported use levels, as provided by industry. The ANS Panel concluded that there was no reason to revise the ADI of 7 mg/kg body weight (bw) per day.

The ANS Panel concluded that both at the maximum permitted levels (MPLs) and maximum reported levels of use of Allura Red AC (E 129), intake estimates for 1- to 10-year old children at the high percentile (95th or 97.5th) can be above the ADI of 7 mg/kg bw per day.

The present review provides a refined exposure assessment for Allura Red AC (E 129) based on individual food consumption data which became available within the EFSA Comprehensive European Food Consumption Database and newly submitted information on the actual usage levels and analytical data of Allura Red AC (E 129) in foods as consumed, provided to EFSA by the food industry and Member States, following an EFSA call for data launched in March 2013.

Usage levels of Allura Red AC (E 129) reported by industry covered six out of the 51 authorised uses of Allura Red AC as a food additive, while analytical data from Member States covered 35 food categories.

In comparison with the previous assessment, the current exposure estimates based on the MPLs scenario were in the same order of magnitude at the mean level for all populations, while high exposure levels (95th percentile) were lower for all populations except adults. Based on the refined scenarios, the current estimates were lower for all populations at both the mean and high exposure level.

EFSA concluded that, using MPLs (regulatory maximum level exposure assessment scenario), exposure estimates were lower than those from the previous opinion of the ANS Panel in 2009 and did not exceed the ADI of 7 mg/kg bw per day in any population. This was also true for the refined exposure scenarios based on usage/analytical levels at both the mean and high (95th percentile) level.

Related tags

New

Related news

Mintel highlights innovative, surprising new products in 2018

Mintel highlights innovative, surprising new products in 2018

15 Aug 2018

Food and drink innovation in 2018 continues to be influenced by flavour extremes and the impact of social media in spreading visually stimulating and fun concepts, notes Chris Brockman, EMEA Research Manager at Mintel.

Read more 
Glanbia announces performance nutrition ingredients

Glanbia announces performance nutrition ingredients

25 May 2018

Glanbia Nutritionals has announced what it describes as two new pioneering and innovative performance nutrition ingredients for formulation in functional beverages in Europe, the Middle East and Africa.

Read more 
Ecotrophelia UK shortlist announced

Ecotrophelia UK shortlist announced

24 May 2018

The growing trend for plant-based diets has inspired the teams that have entered this year’s student food innovation competition – Ecotrophelia UK. All five of the shortlisted products are meat-free and four are also vegan.

Read more 
Healthcare continuum drives Lonza growth

Healthcare continuum drives Lonza growth

10 May 2018

Lonza has reported what it describes as a positive start to 2018 with businesses along the healthcare continuum as growth drivers.

Read more 
Arla enters breakfast food-to-go market

Arla enters breakfast food-to-go market

9 May 2018

Arla Foods is set to launch into the breakfast food-to-go market with the introduction of its new Milk & Oats range of ready to drink beverages.

Read more 
Eurofins to acquire Covance Food Solutions

Eurofins to acquire Covance Food Solutions

7 May 2018

Global life sciences company LabCorp has announced that it has entered into a definitive agreement under which Eurofins Scientific will acquire the Covance Food Solutions business from LabCorp for $670 million.

Read more 
Engaging with the Instagram generation

Engaging with the Instagram generation

3 May 2018

Colourful, exotic and unusual foods are on the rise as a growing number of consumers look for food experiences they can share on social media.

Read more 
New shake makes children taller

New shake makes children taller

1 May 2018

Nutritional Growth Solutions is introducing Healthy Height, a kids’ protein shake the company says is clinically shown to improve children’s height, to the European market.

Read more 
Mintel: Europe leads on private label launches

Mintel: Europe leads on private label launches

27 Apr 2018

Europe accounted for over half (57%) of all private label launches with premium claims globally in 2017, according to new research from Mintel Global New Products Database (GNPD).

Read more 
Ohly launches maple syrup powder

Ohly launches maple syrup powder

1 Aug 2016

Ohly has launched a new Maple Syrup Specialty Powder. The latest addition to the ProDry range is said to deliver authentic maple syrup flavour and sweetness in a free flowing powder form.

Read more